Hummingbird Educational Resources

Lotsa Lesson Plans - WINTER & SNOW ARCHIVES

Submitted by Mary
ICE PICTURES-Fill a pie pan(or any container) with water.  Have children place bits of colored foil, sequins and ribbon in the water.  Make a yarn or ribbon loop and place one end in the water; this will be the hanger for the ice picture. Place the container outside until the water freezes. Hang the picture by a window and see how long it lasts before melting.  I have also run warm water over the frozen picture to remove it from the pan.  Then we tied the frozen pictures to the fence around the playground for wintry decorations.
PAINTING ON ICECover pieces of cardboard with foil and secure with tape on the back.  Give children small brushes or Q-tips and containers of blue,purple and white paint.  Talk about how the brushes glide, skate or slide across the foil.
SNOWFLAKES,SNOWFLAKES-Place a paper or plastic doily over a dark blue piece of paper and tape in place.  Children can sponge paint with white paint all over the paper.  When the doily is removed a snowflake shape will appear.
ICE SCULPTURES-Freeze water in a variety of containers.  Remove frozen pieces of ice from containers and place in a large tub or water table.  Give children shakers of salt and have them sprinkle salt on ice.  Children can use watercolor cakes to paint the sculptures.  It is fun to work the paint into the cracks and crevices.
SALTY SNOWFLAKES-Fold dark blue paper then open.  Drizzle glue on one side.  Fold again and rub sides together.  Open paper and sprinkle picture with salt.  When the glue is dry cut around the shape for a beautiful snowflake.
CONFETTI SNOWSTORM-Cut clear contact paper into circles.  Remove backing from circle shape and place sticky side up on the table.  Let the children sprinkle blue and silver glitter and blue and white confetti on the sticky circle.  Put another contact paper circle on top of glitter and confetti picture.  Make a classroom snowstorm by hanging these from the ceiling

Submitted by Betty
Trace the child's hand in a mitten shape onto light brown paper 2 sheets thick.  Cut them out, separate the two. Lay them upside-down so the thumbs are pointing outward and the fingertips are at the bottom.  Over lap them just a bit.  This will be the Eskimo's coat (thumbs as arms).  Add a circle face up at the palm of the hand outline and glue cotton all around the face (circle) to be the fur around the hood. Add black mittens and cotton to the cuffs (end of thumbs). Add black boots at the base of the brown coat (the fingertips of the hand) and cotton to the top of the boots. Draw in face of Eskimo and color in some rosey cheeks !  He looks real cute if you place him on a big piece of blue construction paper that has been painted with pine branches in white paint!  You could also add an igloo block or sponge painted with white.

A Snowflake Rap
Submitted by Sal
I'm a snowflake,on your hair.
Shake me off,Into the air.
I'm a snowflake ,On your knee.
Shake me of Teeheehee.
I'm a snowflake On your finger.
Shake me off,I'll not linger.
I'm a snowflake,On your ear.
Shake me off,do you hear?
....,On your chin...Into the wind.
...On the ground...With lots of snowflakes falling all around.

Winter is here: it's to co-ld today.
Winter is here: it's to co-ld to play.
We must stay inside, for there's much too much snow.
We will sit by the window and hear the wind blow.

I have a mitten for my left hand,
And another for my right.
They keep my hands oh so warm,
And feel so very llight.
Sometimes I get confused,
And don't know which goes where.
If only my mittens could say to me,
"Put the left one here and the right one there."

Submitted by Brenda
Something that we Floridians also do is to ice skate. Give each chid 2 paper plates and let them skate around the floor with their shoes on. It works great!! They really love it. It lets them get the feel of real ice skating.

Submitted by Betty
For those of us in the South...where we don't get snow ,but may get cold, wet, dreary , ugly's a fun song!
DRIPPY, DRIPPY RAIN (sung in a monotone sort of way...???)
Drippy, drippy rain, (rain motions with hands)
Drippy, drippy rain,
All day long,
Drippy, drippy rain.
Slishy, sloshy mud, (rub feet on floor)
Slishy, sloshy mud,
Love to play
In slishy, sloshy mud.
Freezy, wheezy, cold,( hold arms as if cold)
Freezy, wheezy, cold,
Bites my nose (point to nose)
Freezy, wheezy cold.
Sneezy, wheezy cold (talk as if all stuffed up!)
Sneezy, wheezy cold,
That's what I have,
Sneezy, wheezy cold!
A------ker choo!( cover your mouth!!!)
A------ker choo!
Excuse me!
A-----ker choo!

Following cross-curricular ideas submitted by Theresa
"Ten Little Snowmen"
10 Little Snowmen dressed up fine: (Hold up 10 fingers)
This one melted then there were 9. (Bend down 1 finger)
9 Little Snowmen standing straight and tall: (Hold up 9 fingers)
This one melted then there were 8.  (Bend down 1 finger)
8 Little Snowmen white as clouds above: (Hold up 8 fingers)
This one melted then there were 7. (Bend down 1 finger).
7 Little Snowmen with arms made of sticks: (Hold up 7 fingers)
This one melted then there were 6. (Bend down 1 finger)
6 Little Snowmen looking so alive: (Hold up 6 fingers)
This one melted then there were 5. (Bend down 1 finger)
5 Little Snowmen with mittens from the store: (Hold up 5 fingers)
This one melted then there were 4. (Bend down 1 finger)
4 Little Snowmen beneath a green pine tree:(Hold up 4 fingers)
This one melted then there were 3. (Bend down 1 finger)
3 Little Snowmen with pipes and mufflers, too: (Hold up 3 fingers)
This one melted then there were 2. (Bend down 1 finger)
2 Little Snowmen standing in the sun: (Hold up 2 fingers)
This one melted then there was one. (Bend down 1 finger)
One Little Snowman started to run: (Hold up 1 finger)
But he melted away, and then there none: (Bend down last finger)

Draw Snowmen with different colored hats & scarfs and children must match them.
Basket with different pairs of mittens that children can match.

Black construction paper and white chalk.  Let children use their imagination to draw a snowy day.
Blue construction paper, sponge circle shapes and white paint.
Precut white circles of three different sizes, paste, and construction paper. Children build a snowman sequencing the shapes.

Blowing Cotton Balls
Form children into several teams.  Give each team a cotton ball.  Have teams take turns turns blowing the cotton balls across the table or floor.
A variation is to give each child a cotton ball and hold it with the tip of their thumb & first finger.  Have them tilt there heads upward & hold the cotton ball above their mouths.  As they blow, they should release the cotton ball and it will go up in the air & fall to the ground.  The children try to catch the cotton ball.This resembles the falling snow.

Pans of snow or crushed ice can be puton a science table for the children to feel, measure, and observe how the ice changes throughout the day.
Paint snow with food coloring.  Small clear plastic containers can be placed on the science table along with bottles of food coloring.  The children can scoop the snow or crushed ice and place it on one of the small containers and add food coloring and observe the changes.
Dramatic Play
Add mittens, scarves, and hats.
Ice Fishing
Pretend to fish in ice. Using fishing pole with a magnet attached, let the children catch precut colored fish with paperclips on them.  Cut an ice pond out of white butcher block paper.

The Snowy Day by Ezra Jack Keates
Frosty the Snowman retold by Carol North
First Snowfall by Anne & Harlowe Rockwell
White Snow, Bright Snow by Alvin Tressalt
The Mitten by Alvin Tressalt
Reference Book:ECE Themes through the Year

Submitted by Kim
Marshmallows held together by a
toothpick, licorice strip for the scarf, pretzels for the arms, raisins for
buttons, candy corn for get the drift.  Make and then eat!
 1/2 banana per child, 1 tb. honey per child, 1/2 cup milk per child, 1/3 cup schredded coconut per child, toothpicks, raisins, carrot, cut into tiny pieces
Give each child one lagre, one medium, and one small piece of banana.  Stir honey into milk.  Dip pieces into milk and roll in coconut.  Stack pieces and secure with toothpick.  Decorate with toothpick arms, carrot nose, raisin eyes, and buttons.

Submitted by Dazie15
Materials: lunch bags, newspaper, papier mache mixture, rubber bands, 5 oz cups, white styro peanuts , glue
Prior to class stuff a brown paper lunch bag with a large wad of newspaper. Use a 5 oz. paper or plastic cup and place open end out of the top of the bag. Gather the top of the paper bag over the open end of the cup and put an elastic band over the bag around the cup.  This forms the opening to the igloo.
Now the children can apply paper strips and papeir mache (flour & water mixture)
to their igloos.  When these dry, a couple of days later, the children can glue white styro peanuts to their igloos.  These turn out very cute.
We also make a very large igloo.  The same proceedure except, before class we stuff a large plastic garbage bag with newspaper.  All of the children help together to make this papier mache igloo.  When this is finished we display it in class with other eskimo items that we have collected.

Submitted by Teri
During January we will be focusing on children's literature and authors I my preschool classes.  I also have created a home reading incentive program for the children.  I am asking that the parents read at least 10 books during the month to their child.  Any child who has 10 books read to them will receive a prize at the end of the month (free book and bookmark). Here is how I keep track of it.
I sent home a paper with 10 circle on it representing snowballs.  After the child hears a story the parents write the title, author and child's name. Then they bring it to school and they earn one piece to a snowman.  They are trying to build their snowman before the end of the month (there are 10 pieces to their snowman).  Then I put the snowballs on the bulletin board. We are trying to build a large class snowman with all the little snowballs. If we build the snowman before the end of the month we will celebrate with a pizza party.  It sounds complicated but it is so much fun.  We did this last year with a different theme but same idea.

On the last day of the month we have a book character dress up day.  At our school we do not have the children dress up in halloween costumes so this is their day to dress up.  They dress as their favorite book character and bring the book to school. Last year we had children dressed as The Cat in the Hat, Ms. Frizzle, Elmer the Elephant and Buzz lightyear.  It was a lot of fun!
During January we are also have a Pajama day.  We will be cooking Stone Soup, muffins for If You Give a Moose a Muffin and icecream

Submitted by Janis
This is a story for the flannelboard.
Before reading the story make a gingerbread man out of brown, blue,green, orange, black, white, purple, pink, yellow, and red felt. You can use construction paper and glue to sticks for stick puppets, if you like.(On the felt I put wiggle eyes and used fabric paint to decorate)
George, The Gingerbread Man
Once upon a time, there was a little gingerbread man named George.  He loved to run and play outside.  He loved to cry this chant to his friends:
Run! Run, as fast as you can!
What color am I? (put up brown man)
I'm the Gingerbread Man!
Of course, all of George's friends were very smart.  They all knew that a gingerbread man was...(Pause for children to say,"Brown!")
One day George decided to see if he could fool his smart friends.  He decided to change himself to a different color.  So he covered himself with blueberry icing.  He ran outside and cried his chant to his friends:
Run! Run, as fast as you can!
What color am I? (put up blue man)
I'm the Gingerbread Man!
Of course, all of George's friends were very smart.  They all knew that blueberry icing was... (Pause for children to say,"Blue!")
*But George did not give up.  He was sure he could fool his smart friends.  So he changed himself to a different color.  He covered himself with lime icing.  He ran outside to play and cried his chant to his friends:
Run! Run, as fast as you can!
What color am I? (Put up green man)
I'm the Gingerbread man!
Of course, all of George's friends were very smart.  They all knew that lime icing was...(Pause for children to say, "Green!")
Repeat the story from * seven more times, each time substituting one of the following icing flavors and the corresponding Gingerbread Man color in place of the original words:
pumpkin: orange
licorice: black
vanilla : white
grape: purple
strawberry: pink
lemon: yellow
cherry: red
George just could not fool his smart friends! But he was very happy anyway.  All of his friends knew the colors, just as you do.
(For a yummy follow-up activity, have each child ice a gingerbread-man cookie with his favorite color.

Snowman songs and fingerplays
Submitted by Kim
On small slips of paper write the names of clothing form various seasons and cultures.  (For example: swimsuit, cowboy hat, vest, etc.)  Put the slips in a bowl.  For each child, cut a long strip of paper and fold into ten sections.  Ask children to draw a simple outline of a snowman on each section.  You will have ten snowmen on each strip.  Then pull out slips of paper one at a time from the bowl and read (or have the children read) the article of clothing named.  Children will then draw that clothing on one of their snowmen.  When all of the slips of paper have been read, each child will have very different snowmen.
Melting Snowmen
Here's a snowman round and fat; (make circle with arms)
Out comes the sun and melts his hat. (touch head)
Here's a snowman with a scarf of red;
Out comes the sun and melts his head. (touch head)
Here's a snowman, fit as a fiddle;
Out comes the sun and melts his middle. (touch stomach)
Here's a snowman who waits for dawn;
Out comes the sun and he's all gone!
I'm A Little Snowman
I'm a little snowman round and fat.
Here is my broom and here is my hat.
When the sun comes out it's time to say
'This is the end of me today!'

•Flannel board poem:
5 happy snowmen standing in a row.
The sun melted one, so very slow.
4 happy snowmen, having lots of fun.
One ran indoors to hide from the sun.
3 happy snowmen jumping up and down.
One ran away without a sound.
2 happy snowmen sliding down a hill.
Both fell over and lay very still.

Borax Crystal Snowflake
Submitted by Kim
Grow a snowflake in a jar!
You will need:
* string
* wide mouth jar
* white pipe cleaners
* blue food coloring (optional)
* boiling water (with adult help)
* borax (available at grocery stores in the laundry soap section)
* pencil
With a little kitchen science you can create long lasting snowflakes as sparkly as the real ones. Cut a white pipe cleaner into 3 equal sections.
Twist the sections together in the center so that you have a "six-sided" star shape.
Pipe cleaners and string form a snowflake base for the crystals to grow on.   If your points are not even, trim the pipe-cleaner sections to the same length. Now attach string along the outer edges to form a snowflake pattern.Attach a piece of string to the top of one of the pipe cleaners and tie the other end to a pencil (this is to hang it from). Fill a widemouth jar with boiling water. Mix borax into the water one tablespoon at a time. Use 3 tablespoons of borax per cup of water. Stir until dissolved, (don't worry if there is powder settling on the bottom of the jar). If you want you can add a little blue food coloring now to give the snowflake a bluish hue. Insert your pipe cleaner snowflake into the jar so that the pencil is resting on the lip of the jar and the snowflake is freely suspended in the borax solution. Wait overnight and by morning the snowflake will be covered with shiny crystals.
Hang in a window as a sun-catcher or use as a winter time decoration.
Ice Castles
 Use salt sprinkled on the ice cubes to make them stick together. It's even cooler when you add food coloring to the water before you freeze it (use just the primary colors - red, yellow, and blue) and then when the castles start to melt they make all diferent colors. We also used colored ice cubes for a color experiment. The younger ones all picked out two different colored cubes to place in a dish or cup. Then they guessed which color they would melt into and at the end of the day we saw what color they had made and if they were right. Great for learning color mixing!

Following cross curricular ideas submitted by Barbara
Here are the directions for Whipped Snow Painting:
Mix 1 Cup of Ivory Snow powder with 1/2 cup of warm water.  Mix with egg beater until mixture is frothy but not stiff.  Apply to black construction paper with brushes to create a snow scene.
We fill old detergent bottles with colored water and let the children spray the piles of snow to paint it.
Snow Cones
Put crushed ice into paper cups and then pour concentrated fruit punch over the ice.
Banana Snowmen
2 cups of raisins, 2 bananas, shredded coconut Chop raisins and bananas in blender.  Put mixture in refrigerator until
it can be handled.  Then form into balls and roll in coconut.  Stack three balls and fasten with a toothpick.
Snowmen Grid Game
On a square piece of posterboard, mark off grids with marker.  Then place one snowman sticker in each grid.  For covers, I use plastic snowmen toothpicks that I picked up at a party supply store for cupcakes.  I just break off the toothpick part.  I do the same with pumpkins and turkey toothpicks for other games.  I use a 1-3 die and the children roll to see how many grids to cover.
Snowman Path Game
Create a path game on a piece of poster board using a snowman sticker for the starting point and a pic of the North Pole as the ending point.
I use circle stickers to make the path.  The object is to get the snowman to the North Pole before he melts by rolling the dice.  I use a 1-6 dice for this game.  I use these cute little snowmen I found at a craft store for movers.  They each have a different colored hat so the children can distinguish their mover.  I also add bonus and trap spaces to make the game more interesting.  The children decide on what the bonus or trap will be.
Red Mitten
Ten red mittens hanging on the line,
This one blew away and then there were nine.
Nine red mittens, each one had a mate,
this one fell downa and now there are eight.
Eight red mittens, one belonged to Evan,
This one found its boy, and then there were seven.
Seven red mittens, doing fancy tricks,
This one found and girl and then there were six.
Six red mittens, looking so alive,
This one found the baby and then there were five.
Five red mittens, as pretty as before,
This one floated off and then there were four.
Four red mittens, waving wild and free,
This one lost a clothespin and then there were three.
Three red mittens looking very new,
this one fell in the mud and then there were two.
Two red mittens left in the sun,
this one faded away and then there was one.
One red mitten left all alone,
It blew up in the air and then there were none.

Make IceCream(serves 10)
1 qt of half and half
2 C sugar
Kosher salt
Crushed ice
10 small tin juice cans
10 large size margarine tubs
     Mix half and half sugar and vanilla in a large bowl.  Set aside.
Layer ice, salt, ice, salt etc in platic tub.  Push empty tin juice can into this mixture.  Each tin juice can has its own plastic container.
Fill juice cans halfway with half and half mixture you set aside.  Stir,cover with foil and let stand for a few minutes.  Repeat stirring and
covering until mixture freezes.  Then eat!
Making Frost (the children loved this last year)
Tin Can with the lid removed
Rock Salt
Crushed ice
Have children put 2 cups of crushed ice and one half cup of rock salt in a can.  Have children stir mixture rapidly.  Go to another activity and have children return to check in 30 minutes.  When they return the outside of the can will have frost on it.

If we have snow during our winter theme, we put snow in the sensory table with mittens and molds.

For gross motor during this unit, we play "Freeze".  We play music and everyone dances and then freezes when the music stops.

Snow and snowmen
Following submittwed by Bobbi
Snow is Falling  (Tune of:  Up On the Housetop)
Look at the sno...ow falling down,
Covering everything in town.
Over the grass and cars and street,
Snow is winter's special treat.
Snow, snow, snow, beautiful snow,
Snow, snow, snow, watch it grow-oh!
Snow on the housetop, yes, sir-ee,
Snow is falling just for me!
A Chubby Little Snowman
A chubby little snowman,
Had a carrot nose.
Along came a bunny,
And what do you suppose?
That hungry little bunny,
Looking for his lunch.
Ate that snowman's carrot nose,
Nibble, nibble, crunch!!
Dance Around The Snowman  (Tune of: Mulberry Bush)
This is the way we dance around,
Dance around,
Dance around.
This is the way we dance around,
Our snowman in the morning.
*skip around
*twirl around
*crawl around
*hop around
*spin around
*gallop around
*sneak around
*tip toe around
Blubber Mittens
You need two zip-lock type plastic bags for each mitten.
You need shortening.
You take about ...oh...I don't know for sure...a cup or two of shortening and put it in one of the plastic bags.  Turn the second bag inside out and put it inside the first bag with the shortening.  Now zip-lock the bags together. For added tightness, I use the ever versatile Duct tape to secure it!Now put your hand inside the inner bag and work the shortening so the inner bag is surrounded on all sides by shortening. You have a blubber mitten!  When you have your hand inside the mitten and you touch cold things, like ice or snow, your hand will stay surprisingly comfortable.  If you put your other hand in a plastic bag with nothing inside and touch the same ice or snow,it is COLD!!!  This demonstrates how the animals in the arctic who have  layer of thick fat, called "blubber", can survive in those cold climates!

Title: Snowfriend
Pack a snowball.
Make it round.
Roll it, roll it, along the ground.
Make one big ball, and one of middle size;
Then roll a smaller ball. Add a nose and eyes.
Give him a broom and a scarf of blue.
Now there's a friend to play with you! (point)
Walking in the Snow
 Let's go walking in the snow.
Walking, walking, on tiptoe.
Lift your one foot way up high.
Then the other to keep dry.
All around the yard we skip.
Watch your step or you might slip!

Coffee Filter Snowflake Project
Cut snowflakes out of coffee filters. They are much easier for the children to cut and "hole-punch" than bulky paper ones. After they are cut the children can glue them onto dark blue construction paper. The glue will squish
through the holes as they spread it with their fingers and can be sprinked with clear and/or silver glitter.

Snowflakes (an original poem/fingerplay)
Snowflakes are falling all around
From high in the clouds down to the ground.
They land on the sidewalk, they land on my sled,
They land on mommy's car and they land on my head.
But the snowflakes that I like the best are those
That come fluttering and dancing to the tip of my nose!
Ooooooo COLD

Button Snowmen
 Have children cut out a simple snowman shape or use pre cut snowmen for children to assemble.  Using a model children can count out buttons for
his coat and eyes.  The nose is stamped with a small shaped sponge and orange paint, the mouth is drawn with a marker.  The hat is made with two rectangles positioned together and glued by the children to form a hat.  All these activities make wonderful opportunities to integrate language lessons on body parts.  For example, before your children glue on their snowman button eyes, have the child point to their eyes and say the name.  Have fun!

Classroom Frosty
Get one large white trash bag and a large stack of newspaper.  Show the children how to wad up a page of the paper. You can actually have a snowball figt after all the paper is wadded up.  They love it!!  Then put(or toss)  the balls, about 1/3 full -tie it up with a piece of white yarn for the bottom ball and continue until the bag is full and tied into 3 "balls".  Finish it off with a paper tophat or a tobaggan knit cap and buttons for the eyes, mouth and buttons.  You can secure them with hairpins or florist pins -they stick right in if you have filled up each bag really full.  I used a plastic carrot from the home center for his nose that I taped on with clear tape.  A long scarf and stick arms complete him.  The class made sure that he stayed away from the window and the heater.  He was a big hit.  When it was time for him to "melt", he was opened and his paper insides were shredded and used for mulch in our class garden outside.  It was a great ecology project too.

Following cross curricular ideas submitted by Peg
Experiment 1
Freeze one bolck of ice. Unwrap it. Place it in a basin. With a hammer and chisel, create an ice sculpture. Notice that as the ice melts, the chilseled lines become softer.

Experiment 2
Freeze block of ice. Unwrap and place in basin. Sprinkle rock salt on block. Watch what happens. What is the salt doing to the ice? Squeeze a few drops of food coloring into several small containers (half a styrofoam egg carton is ideal). Add a teaspoon of water to each. With an eye dropper, drop the food coloring unto the ice. Where is it going? Make more holes (or crevices or chasms) in the ice, add more food coloring and create a colrful ice sculpture.

Music & Movement
Hot Cross Buns
Hot cross buns, hot cross buns. (cross arms over chest. Pat upper arms with hands, as if keeping warm)
One a penny, two a penny (hold up 1 finger then 2)
Hot cross buns! (pat arms again).

Indoor Snowball Toss
In an indoor play area set out a large sheet or parachute having children hold edges. Put cotton balls (snowballs) on the sheet or parachute and let children toss them with the sheet untill all the snowballs are on the floor. Let them continue to toss, and catch the snowballs.

Snowball Hunt
Hide cotton balls around the room. Give each child a half an egg carton with cups lableled 0 – 5 (can use entire egg carton for older children). Let the children walk around the room and look for the hidden “snowballs”. Encourage them to put their snawballs in the cups in order. Once all the snowballs have been found count then all together.

Title: The Polar Express
Submitted by Mjeffe
1. To identify character, setting, problem, solution
2. To enchant young readers to the point of being ecsatic!

1.  The book The Polar Express
2.  Art paper and crayons
3.  A jingle bell you have taped under each child's desk.  They should have no idea that it is there.

1.  Read and discuss the book.
2.  Fold the paper in 4 boxes and label the characters, setting problem, and solution, on in each box, and illustrate.
3.  Tell them to feel under their desks for something for important from the story.  The kids absolutely can't believe that the bell somehow left the book and got under their desks.  LIttle ones who "still believe" have now idea that you did it!!!!
Let each child tell you about his/her picture.  I do not grade this activity.

Submitted by Peg
Five little snowmen on a winter's day
The first one said "Wake up so we can play"
The second one saud"Let'sd stomp on the ground"
The third one said, "Let's roll all around"
The fourth one said "Let's run and run and run."
The fifth one said, "I'm afraind I feel the sun!"
"Oh dear," cried the snowman
As they looked towards the sky
And the five melting snowman waved a fond goodbye.


Webdesign and graphics by Riverdancer Designs

© 1998 - 2009 Hummingbird Educational Resources. All rights reserved